March 2006

Noncompete Agreements. If I had a dollar for every time a client who had been sued asked me if they could recover attorney’s fees or damages if they won, I’d have, well, probably hundreds of dollars. Even when a lawsuit proves to be frivolous the Massachusetts courts have traditionally been extremely reluctant to turn the tables on a plaintiff and make it pay damages for the harm its suit has caused to the defendant.

Every once in a while, however, a judge shows some courage and punishes a company the judge concludes has brought a frivolous case. In January 2006 Judge Gants, in the Suffolk Business Litigation Session, turned the tables on Brooks Automation, a Massachusetts company with a billion dollar-plus market valuation, ordering it to pay over $600,000 in damages for bringing a frvolous lawsuit against a former employee. After a trial Judge Gants concluded that the suit was devoid of both any reasonable factual support or any arguable basis in law.… Read the full article

Patents, Antitrust. Suppose that you live in a small farming community, Village 1, that relies entirely on its own members for food supplies. I have the only farm that grows corn. Whenever you come to me to purchase corn I tell you that I will only sell you my corn if you also buy a pound of cauliflower for every pound of corn you purchase. Cauliflower is plentiful, and you don’t want to buy my cauliflower (in fact you don’t even like this vegetable), but since you (and your fellow citizens) need corn you have no choice.

Assume that you move to a new community, Village 2. You still need corn, but you discover that there are several purveyors of corn in your new town. You go to the closest of these, and you discover, to your dismay, that this farmer also insists that if you buy his corn, you must also buy his cauliflower.… Read the full article

Noncompete Agreements. Our firm used to write “year in review” articles [link], and I decided it was time for a reprise. Here is a year-in-review summary of the most significant Massachsetts state court cases from late 2004 through calender year 2005 involving the attempted enforcement of noncompete or nonsolicitation contracts. Rather than getting bogged down in the detailed facts of the cases I’ll provide a quick summary of the key facts and legal issues that led to the outcome in each case. The goal is to get a feel for how judges are approaching these kinds of cases – what works and doesn’t work in the state courts when employers are attempting to enforce noncompete/nonsolicitation agreements against former employees.

L-3 Communications v. Reveal Imaging [link] involved a complex series of corporate sales, the result of which was that the defendant-employees were several corporate acquisitions down the road from the companies with whom they had signed their agreements years earlier.… Read the full article